Hertha Ayrton - (born Marks; 1854?23), British physicist. She married Professor W. E. Ayrton, whom she greatly assisted in his research, especially on the electric arc. She later established the laws that govern the behavior of the electric arc. During World War I, she invented an anti-gas fan which was distributed to thousands of British troops. Despite presenting many papers to the Royal Society, she was refused admission b/c of her sex.
Iosef Shklovskii - Soviet Citizen.(1916-85) Was one of the worlds leading astrophysicists. Carl Sagan in 1966 used a book by Shklovskii to write the "jointly" authored "Intelligent Life in the Universe". Shklovskiis cousin, Grisha Sklovksy, PhD in Chemistry, after escaping the Nazis in Paris and France, worked for the Allies in England during WWII, and then emigrated to Australia. Grisha contributed to chemical research in Australia and was greatly involved in community affairs.
American, Nobel Prize, 1988. Refugee from Germany. Shared w/Schwartz and Lederman for work in the same area.
Israeli physicist. A student of John Wheeler at Princeton (where Feynman was earlier a student of Wheeler), whose theory that black holes have entropy led Stephen Hawking to conclude that black holes obey the laws of thermodynamics like everything else.
German Jew. Nobel Prize, 1925. For his discovery, w/Hertz, of the laws governing the impact of the electron upon the atom.
(JYB 2005 p214)
American physicist whose work lead to the invention of the atomic clock.
physicist, Nobel Prize (1990)
Leon Pinsker was a physician, a Zionist pioneer and activist, and the founder and leader of the Hovevei Zion, also known as Hibbat Zion (Hebrew: חיבת ציון, Lovers of Zion) movement.
Ibn Ezra (1089 - 1164) was born at Tudela, Navarre (now in Spain) in 1089, and died c. 1167, apparently in Calahorra. He was one of the most distinguished Jewish men of letters and writers of the Middle Ages. Ibn Ezra excelled in philosophy, astronomy/astrology, mathematics, poetry, linguistics, and exegesis; he was called The Wise, The Great and The Admirable Doctor.
Volynov is a Soviet cosmonaut who flew two space missions of the Soyuz programme: Soyuz 5, and Soyuz 21. He was the first Jewish cosmonaut.
Resnik was an American engineer and a NASA astronaut who died in the destruction of the Space Shuttle Challenger during the launch of mission STS-51-L. Resnik was the second American and first Jewish woman astronaut, logging 145 hours in orbit. She was a graduate of Carnegie Mellon University and had a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Maryland. The IEEE Judith Resnik Award for space engineering is named in her honor.
Hoffman, Ph.D. is a Jewsih American former NASA astronaut and currently a professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT. Hoffman made five flights as a space shuttle astronaut, including the first mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope in 1993, when the orbiting telescope's flawed optical system was corrected.
Baker, M.D., M.P.H. is a Jewish American physician and a NASA astronaut. Baker serves as Chief of the Education/Medical Branch of the NASA Astronaut Office.
Ivins is a former Jewish American astronaut and a veteran of five space shuttle missions. She has a degree in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Apt, Ph.D. is a Jewish American astronaut and professor at Carnegie Mellon University. Before he became an astronaut, Apt was a physicist who worked on the Venus space probe project, and used visible light and infrared techniques to study the planets and moons of the solar system from ground-based observatories.
Wolf is a Jewish American astronaut, medical doctor, electrical engineer. Wolf has been to space four times. Three of his spaceflights were short-duration Space Shuttle missions, the first of which was STS-58 in 1993, and his most recent spaceflight was STS-127 in 2009. Wolf also took part in a long-duration mission aboard the Russian space station Mir which lasted 128 days, and occurred during Mir EO-24.
Fettman is a Jewish American pathologist and researcher who flew on NASA Space Shuttle mission STS-58 aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia as a Payload Specialist.