Harold Varmus - American. Nobel Prize, 1989, for the discovery of the cellular origins of retroviral oncogenes. He received a post-graduate degree in English from Harvard before turning to medicine. He served, until recently, as the head of the National Institutes of Health and has been widely praised for his performance.
Henry Heimlich - Physician who developed and vigorously promoted the "Heimlich manuever" which has saved countless people from choking. A distinguished surgeon, he is head of the Cincinnati Jewish Hospital. An odd footnote is that his nephew is Anson Williams (born Heimlich)--"Potsie" of "Happy Days" fame.
American. Nobel Prize l946 for discovery of x-rays effects on mutations. Muller was a geneticist at Indiana University. Later in his career he urged caution in the use of radioactive materials to avoid possible damage to the health of the human gene pool. Mullers mothers family was mostly Sephardic in origin. His fathers family was Jewish, too. But we like to give credit to both of the biggest sub-groups of Jewish people.
inventor of an electric nose for diagnosis of cancer
reverse transcriptase, Nobel Prize (1975)
(JYB 2005 p214)
(first Jewish FRS; elected 1727)
Not the musician best known for the theme from "Shaft". American opthamologist who wrote the first Code of Ethics for the American Medical Association.
One of the great physicians of the Middle Ages (app. 850-950). Court physician to two Fatimid caliphs. His treatises "On Diet" and "On Fever" remained authoritative for 500 years. Among his aphorisms, "The most important problem of the doctor is how to prevent illness." and "If you can cure a patient with diet, dont prescribe drugs." His work was studied and admired by Thomas Aquinas and Albertus Magnus.
structures of cytoskeletal keratins, NADP binding proteins, steroidogenic enzymes, Epithelial Sodium Channels (ENaC)
immunologist 1983 (JYB 2005 p214) (JYB 2000 p211)
Leon Pinsker was a physician, a Zionist pioneer and activist, and the founder and leader of the Hovevei Zion, also known as Hibbat Zion (Hebrew: חיבת ציון, Lovers of Zion) movement.
pediatric surgeon, separation of conjoined twins (1968)
ubiquitin system; Lasker Award (2000), Nobel Prize in Chemistry (2004)
The most important reformer in the history of American medicine. In the early 1900s, he spent two years examining over 150 institutions for the training of physicians and didnt like what he saw. Around 1910, He issued the "Flexner Report" which indicted medical education as poorly supervised, poorly taught, without a standard curriculum, etc. As a result of his work, medical education throughout the USA was completely revised, leading to the modern medical school as we know it. He also convinced Dept. Store magnate Louis Bamberger to provide the endowment for the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton (later the home of Albert Einstein).
neuropsychiatrist, Recovery International founder
Jewogle saw a mention of this physician and he is worthy of note even if he is not famous for his medical work. Last year he became the first Ethopian immigrant to Israel to obtain his medical degree.
structure of ribosome. She received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (2009)
pediatrician, diphtheria researcher
physician, discovered the cause of gonorrhea (Jewish father)