Leon Pinsker was a physician, a Zionist pioneer and activist, and the founder and leader of the Hovevei Zion, also known as Hibbat Zion (Hebrew: חיבת ציון, Lovers of Zion) movement.
pediatric surgeon, separation of conjoined twins (1968)
ubiquitin system; Lasker Award (2000), Nobel Prize in Chemistry (2004)
The most important reformer in the history of American medicine. In the early 1900s, he spent two years examining over 150 institutions for the training of physicians and didnt like what he saw. Around 1910, He issued the "Flexner Report" which indicted medical education as poorly supervised, poorly taught, without a standard curriculum, etc. As a result of his work, medical education throughout the USA was completely revised, leading to the modern medical school as we know it. He also convinced Dept. Store magnate Louis Bamberger to provide the endowment for the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton (later the home of Albert Einstein).
neuropsychiatrist, Recovery International founder
Jewogle saw a mention of this physician and he is worthy of note even if he is not famous for his medical work. Last year he became the first Ethopian immigrant to Israel to obtain his medical degree.
structure of ribosome. She received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (2009)
pediatrician, diphtheria researcher
physician, discovered the cause of gonorrhea (Jewish father)