doctor of medicine and clinical pharmacologist
1884-1967, American biochemist; b. Warsaw, Poland; came to U.S., 1915. Credited with discovering VITAMINS, he stirred public interest with his 1912 paper on vitamin-deficiency diseases. He coined the term vitamine and later posited the existence of four such materials (B1, B2, C, and D). He contributed to knowledge of the hormones of the pituitary and sex glands and stressed the importance of balance between hormones and vitamins.
(Also see Government) The first President of the State of Israel. Weizmann was born in Russia, and studied in Germany. He moved to England where he taught at Manchester & other posts. During WWI Weizmann discovered that acetone, a critical solvent for munitions manufacture, could be synthesized from horse chestnuts. This discovery did not result in the Balfour Declaration (the British statement of the right of Jews to have a state in Palestine one day)--as some romantic accounts have maintained. However, it did facilitate Weizmanns access to high British officials. He then used his charm and persuasion on them.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1972 for his work on ribonuclease. Originally a Danish Gentile but converted to Judaism on the occasion of (not "because" of) marrying a religious Jewish woman. According to mutual acquaintances at the Weizmann Institute (which which he had a long-standing collaboration), he remained kashrut-observant ever after. (Editors note: We put this entry up un-edited to note the general source for this unusual entry. To our knowledge, Mr. Anifsen has never appeared on any list of Jewish Nobel prize winners ever published. Jewhoo is honored to be the first to list him).
quasicrystals; Wolf Prize in Physics (1999)
biochemist, Nobel Prize (1992) (Jewish father)
industrial chemist, Nobel Prize (1905) (Jewish mother)
chemical pathologist father of Prof. James Neuberger, Lord Justice Sir David Neuberger and Prof. Michael Neuberger, and father-in-law of Julia Neuberger Friedrich Paneth (Encyclopaedia Judaica 13:54)
chemist 1928 (Encyclopaedia Judaica 4:1298, 12:241)
electrochemist, inventor of scanning electrochemical microscope, Wolf Prize (2008)