Ruth Joan Bader Ginsburg (born March 15, 1933) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Ginsburg was appointed by President Bill Clinton and took the oath of office on August 10, 1993. She is the second female justice (after Sandra Day O'Connor) and the first Jewish female justice.
She is generally viewed as belonging to the liberal wing of the Court. Ginsburg spent a considerable portion of her career as an advocate for the equal citizenship status of women and men as a constitutional principle. She advocated as a volunteer lawyer for the American Civil Liberties Union and was a member of its board of directors and one of its general counsel in the 1970s. She was a professor at Rutgers School of Law—Newark and Columbia Law School. In 1980, President Jimmy Carter appointed her to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
Born in Brooklyn, New York, Ruth Joan Bader was the second daughter of Nathan and Celia (née Amster) Bader. The family nicknamed her "Kiki". They belonged to the East Midwood Jewish Center, where she took her religious confirmation seriously. At age thirteen, Ruth acted as the "camp rabbi" at a Jewish summer program at Camp Che-Na-Wah in Minerva, New York.
Her mother took an active role in her education, taking her to the library often. Bader attended James Madison High School, whose law program later dedicated a courtroom in her honor. Her older sister died when she was very young. Her mother struggled with cancer throughout Ruth's high school years and died the day before her graduation.
She graduated from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, with a Bachelor of Arts degree in government on June 23, 1954, and that fall enrolled at Harvard Law School, where she was one of only nine women in a class of more than five hundred. When her husband took a job in New York City, she transferred to Columbia Law School and became the first woman to be on two major law reviews, the Harvard Law Review and the Columbia Law Review. In 1959, she earned her law degree at Columbia and tied for first in her class.--6--- In 2009 she was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Willamette University, in 2010 she was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Princeton University., and in 2011 she was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Harvard University.
Appointed to the Supreme Court in 2010 by President Obama.
Appointed to the Supreme Court in 1994 by President Clinton. Moderately liberal, former law school professor.
Appointed by Pres Johnson, 1965-69. Was Johnsons personal lawyer. Resigned under a cloud. Nephew was, oddly enough, a close friend of Elvis.
Appointed by Pres Kennedy, 1962-1965. Resigned because Pres. Johnson wanted him to be UN Ambassador at start of Vietnam War. Also served as Sec. Of Labor and Counsel to Steelworkers Union.
Associate Justice (1932-38).Although a Democrat, was appted by Rep. Pres. Hoover because Hoover was told he was the most brilliant Judge in the country. Came from a Sephardic family; ancestors served in the Amer. Revolution.
Founder of ACLU and an associate justice of the US Supreme Court (1939-1962)
American jurist who served as an associate justice of the US Supreme Court (1916-1939). Strong Supporter of Zionist movement and the rights of American Labor.
Appointed by Pres. Clinton. 1st Jewish woman on the S.Ct. When a lawyer she won several ground-breaking decisions enhancing the equal rights of women.