Founder of Occidental Petroleum Company. Father was a small factory owner who was also a Communist. Hammer met Lenin as a young man and years later parlayed that meeting to build trading contacts with the Soviets. Not connected to the baking soda company.
Owner of Pacific Lumber. Ravager of the redwoods. Absolutely not a mensch. Appeals to Hurwitz to be more reasonable, including from rabbis, have gone unheeded.
Owner of the first gas station in Baltimore (1910. Oh, and he also founded the Amoco Oil Company.
British Jew who founded Shell Oil (named in honor of his father, a merchant who sold "tchotchkes" decorated with seashells) in 1892. He was later knighted. The family has not controlled the company since the 1920s.